Skip Navigation
Oklahoma State University

Bloodborne Pathogen

Bloodborne pathogen

Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms found in the blood of infected individuals that cause diseases. They may also be present in “other potentially infectious materials,” such as blood-tainted body fluids, unfixed tissues or body parts, some biological research materials, and even other primates. These pathogens are a concern because they are capable of infecting others who are exposed to infectious blood or other body fluids.

Some workers are at risk of exposure as a result of their occupational duties. These workers are required to receive bloodborne pathogens training prior to initial assignment to tasks where occupational exposure may occur, and are then to receive refresher training annually thereafter. The training covers a variety of topics aimed at reducing the risk of exposure and disease transmission.

If you're still unsure if the Bloodborne pathogen program applies to you, please complete the Parameter sheet for more information and guidance.

Bloodborne Pathogen Binder suggested set up:

  • OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard, 1910.1030
  • Exposure Control Plan (ECP) with all appendixes
  • List of all employees under this plan
  • Copies of completed/signed Hep B Vaccination Form
  • Training Documentation
  • Self Inspection Documentation
  • Completed Parameter Sheet

Exposure Control Plan

exposure control plan

An Exposure Control Plan is a written action plan that identifies occupational risks and specifies precautionary control measures needed to manage and minimize potential exposure to bloodborne pathogens. Oklahoma State University’s Exposure Control Plan is available in a template:
ECP Template
Appendix A – Hep B Vaccination Form
Appendix B – Biohazard Spill SOP
Appendix C – Bloodborne Pathogen Self-Inspection Form
Appendix D – Sharps Injury Log


Hepatitis B Vaccination

CaduceusHepatitis B virus (HBV) is a serious bloodborne pathogen that attacks the liver and can cause potentially life threatening disease in humans. HBV is transmitted through exposure to blood or other body fluids.

Workers whose job duties have a reasonable anticipation of contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials are required to be offered a vaccination series against HBV. The vaccine is offered after bloodborne pathogens training and within 10 working days of initial assignment to work unless the employee has previously received the complete hepatitis B vaccination series, antibody testing has revealed that the employee is immune, or that the vaccine is contraindicated for medical reasons.

A form for acceptance or declination of the HBV vaccine must be filled out by all workers whose job duties have been identified as placing them at risk for exposure. The standard Oklahoma State University form is available here: Hepatitis B Vaccination Form

This form should be completed and returned to the designated individual(s) at your institution.

Exposure Incident Reporting

Exposure Incident

If a bloodborne pathogens exposure incident should occur, report the incident immediately to your supervisor and the safety office. In addition, complete and submit an Employee Injury Report and, if a contaminated sharps was involved, a Sharps Injury Log.

DO NOT DELAY!  If you think you may have been exposed to human blood or infectious materials through a needlestick or cut, or in your eyes, nose or mouth, do not delay.  Right away, thoroughly wash the affected area and then immediately report the exposure to the biological safety contact listed below to receive following care.


If you have any questions about bloodborne pathogens training, your Exposure Control Plan, or your risk of occupational exposure, Hepatitis B vaccination, spill cleanup or waste pickup, contact Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) or use the information listed below.


Important Contacts

For assistance: EHS can answer any questions or concerns regarding bloodborne pathogens. Please contact Janisue Coleman ( at 744-7241

Biological safety: contact University Research Compliance at 405-744-3203 or 405-744-3376 

Hepatitis B immunization: contact University Health Services at 405-744-7665

Spill Cleanup: report spills to EHS at 405-744-7241