Job Hazard Analysis
A Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) is an examination of associated hazards within a particular job function. It primarily focuses on administrative, engineering and personal protective controls that can be employed to minimize or eliminate potential job hazards. The analysis assesses each aspect of a task and addresses the steps that could result in an injury to employees. This involves an evaluation of the mechanics of any operation, identifying what can go wrong, and how to complete tasks safely. A detailed JHA serves as a great standard operating procedure.
How to conduct a JHA:
- Start with the most dangerous job
- Involve the employees
- Break the job into steps
- Identify hazards, unsafe conditions, and unsafe work practices associated with each step
- Eliminate or reduce hazards by identifying the correct and safe way to perform the task
- Review the JHAs at least biannually
- Remember a JHA becomes obsolete when an accident or injury occurs, if the job changes, when a near-miss happens, if equipment is damaged, or if there is an employee concern
Departments may contact EHS for guidance in developing or reviewing their JHA documents. We can also assist with hazard recognition, recommendations of controls, and documenting findings.